Trichology – is a field of medicine that is engaged in the scientific study of scalp. Until now, one of the main medical branches devoted to the clinical study of hair was dermatology. Trichology, as a relatively new science, needs an interdisciplinary understanding, and embraces knowledge not only in dermatology, but also in biochemistry, molecular biology, endocrinology, immunology…
It must be understood that while a dermatologist specializes in all skin pathologies, the trichologist is limited to aspects related to hair and hair follicles.
Functions of the hair
Our hair – is a derivative of the skin, it is distributed over the entire surface of the body, with the exception of the soles, palms, navel and mucous membranes. In an adult, the approximate amount of hair is about five million. We have from 100,000 to 150,000 hairs on our heads; they provide the skull with some protection against shock and retain heat. Eyelashes protect the eyes by reducing the amount of light and dust that can penetrate. Eyebrows protect eyes from sweat.
In the hair follicles of the armpits and genitals, there are apocrine sweat glands, which are partially responsible for the characteristic smell of the body of each person.
Each of our hair is associated with smooth muscle fibers. Muscle contraction causes the hair to rise, thereby changing the angle with respect to the skin. This process enhances the insulation of the hair, thereby providing better protection against the cold.
In addition to the protective function, our hair also plays an aesthetic role. In all cultures, they have a greater or lesser degree of importance. Hair has always been an aesthetic symbol of strength and wisdom, experience, masculinity or femininity, freedom and slavery, fashion, purchasing power, social class, political ideology and much more.
At present, trichology boasts a serious therapeutic arsenal and is not limited, for example, to the treatment of hair loss as a result of androgenetic alopecia, as was the case in the recent past. The knowledge of today's trichology is aimed at caring for hair and scalp in case of stress, pregnancy, excessive insolation, sudden weight loss, age-related capillary aging, etc.
If you have any difficulties with your hair, and you have never explored the problem deeply, it makes sense to contact a specialist trichologist. Trichological examination allows you to determine any abnormalities that affect the scalp, leading eventually to hair loss, including: seborrhea, folliculitis, dermatitis. Specialists of the Bogoliuby Medical Center will help you identify the problem and offer suitable therapy to resolve it. It is important to know that determining the causes of the trigger is the first step to a successful cure.