Orchitis - is an inflammatory disease of the testicle. Most often, orchitis develops as a complication of an infectious or viral disease. Mumps can be the reason of the orchitis in boys. In adult men gonorrhea, flu, typhoid, brucellosis, pneumonia, and also testicular trauma have been postponed.
The infection enters the testicle with a blood stream about a week after the underlying disease has already developed. The danger of orchitis is that the disease can lead to infertility..
Symptoms of orchitis:
- soreness of the testicle and an increase in size;
- the skin of the scrotum is smooth and hyperemic;
- general malaise.
The pain at the onset of the disease is dull, then it becomes aching and acute. An increase in temperature is noted, the patient is shivering, the testicle significantly increases in size.
Complications of orchitis
The pain at the onset of the disease is dull, then it becomes aching and acute. An increase in temperature is noted, the patient is shivering, the testicle significantly increases in size. Complications of orchitis If the inflammation has spread to the appendages, orchoepidymitis occurs. It happens that orchitis goes away on its own, without any treatment in a couple to three weeks. But another turn of events is also possible - suppuration and abscess of the testicle. With suppuration, the patient is febrile, since the tissues of the testicle undergo purulent decay. In the future, testicular atrophy and spermatogenesis disorders.
Diagnosis and treatment of orchitis
For a correct diagnosis of the disease, the urologist prescribes general blood and urine tests, an ultrasound examination of the scrotum, a smear from the urethra.
It requires bed rest and the wearing of a special suspension to support the scrotum and ensure maximum peace. Spicy, salty and fried foods are excluded in the diet. Antibiotics or antiviral drugs are prescribed, depending on the source of infection. Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs are also used to alleviate the patient's condition.
Prevention of orchitis
The main thing in the prevention of orchitis is the timely treatment of diseases of the urogenital sphere. Avoid personal injury to the pelvic area, perineum, and scrotum. In case of symptoms of orchitis should contact the urologist of Bogoliuby MC.