Many people know what varicose veins are. However, almost anyone with naet about opasnom complications of varicose veins. A pathological condition characterized by the formation of blood clots (blood clots) in the deep veins is deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The vessels of the lower extremities are mainly affected.
What's going on?
A blood clot that blocks the lumen of a vein disrupts normal blood flow. In this regard, the risk of tissue necrosis increases. The most unfavorable scenario for the development of the process is the rupture of a blood clot and lung obstruction or a hit in the heart. Thromboembolism and lethal outcome occur.
The severity of the symptoms depends on the size of the thrombus and its location. If the lumen of the vessel is not completely blocked, symptoms of DVT may be absent.
The development of the disease requires a combination of a number of conditions, such as: impaired blood clotting; slowing of blood flow; damage to the walls of the vessel.
The risk group for DVT includes those patients who lead a sedentary lifestyle, have had operations on the lower extremities; leg fractures; suffering from tumors of the abdominal cavity, with problems of the endocrine or reproductive systems.
Symptoms and diagnosis
The disease usually does not appear immediately. It is necessary to increase the size of the clot. If part of the clot comes off, the patient complains of shortness of breath, chest pain, hemoptysis.
The most typical symptoms:
• pain in the legs when walking;
• cyanotic skin ;
The main method of diagnosing deep vein thrombosis is ultrasound. With its help the place of localization of a thrombus, its size and a condition (attached or floating ) is defined .
Specialists flebolohy- MC " Boholyubы " predlahayut Several varyantov of treatment of DVT in dependence from gravity techenyya disease. The early stages require the use of thrombolytic drugs. The course of anticoagulants which lasts from three months and more is shown.
However, It should know, something on Stage pozdnyh konservatyvnaya stanovytsya opasnoy therapy because of the features ka otrыva tromboэmbolyy thrombus and pulmonary artery.
Conservative treatment, in addition to the use of drugs, includes a number of other methods , in particular, the use of compression therapy. The benefit of elastic compression is that it blocks the progression of varicose veins .
The required compression level is provided by special medical jerseys with the required compression class. Then the pressure has a calibrated decreasing gradient. Modern innovative technologies provide optimal thermoregulation and air permeability of knitwear.
It is very important to choose the right size of the product. This jersey helps to get rid of swelling, pain and increased leg fatigue. Elastic compression must be constant to achieve a positive result.
Thromboectomy is recommended for severe circulatory disorders and deep vein thrombosis .
Also for DVT it is necessary to follow a diet, which consists in the use of products that dilute the blood: peppers , garlic, sunflower seeds, beets , apple cider vinegar, oatmeal, oatmeal, cherries and viburnum.
It is necessary to exclude from the menu products rich in vitamins C and K (sorrel, tomatoes, dog rose , currants, citrus, liver), to limit meat and fatty b people . Fluid - in moderation, to prevent swelling.
Prevention of DVT is primarily aimed at eliminating the causes of the problem. Get rid of bad habits, monitor your weight and blood glucose levels, exercise moderately. If you have observed predisposition for varicose veins Extension or in y sostoyte in the group line, obratytes for our specialist for Selection of optimal profylaktycheskoho course.