The champion among sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), today is clamidiosis. . He confidently beat the «competitors» - gonorrhea, syphilis и trichomoniasis, which were considered leaders of the STDs some 10 years ago. Clamidiosis is one of the main causes of reduced ability to conceive and infertility.
With clamidiosis in men, the quality of semen decreases. In infected patients, low sperm motility, a large number of abnormal germ cells, and DNA fragmentation are noted. In women, chlamydia provokes inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs, leading to obstruction of the fallopian tubes.
Types of clamidiosis infection
There are several types of chlamydial infection, which poses a serious danger to people. In addition to chlamydia trichomatis (the causative agent of urogenital diseases), this chlamydia pneumonia - causes respiratory diseases and chlamydia psitacci - the causative agent of ornithosis.
In most cases, clamidiosis is asymptomatic. Under the influence of a viral infection, stress, hypothermia, the disease can trigger irreversible autoimmune processes.
Symptoms of chlamydia
- yellowish discharge from the vagina with an unpleasant odor;
- discomfort when urinating, itching;
- swelling of the scrotum;
- vitreous discharge from the penis.
The difficulty in treating clamidiosis is due to the fact that chlamydia is characterized by the properties of both bacteria and the virus and has complex intra- and extracellular developmental cycles.
Often there are forms of chlamydial infection that are extremely resistant to antibiotics. In this regard, the treatment of the disease should comprehensively combine physiotherapy, and enzymes, and immunocorrectors. With an untimely and advanced stage, chronic clamidiosis develops.
Complications of clamidiosis
Chronic clamidiosis in women can cause various pathologies of pregnancy - spontaneous abortion, missed pregnancy, premature birth, intrauterine infection of the fetus.
Prevention of clamidiosis
Prevention of clamidiosis is the same as other sexually transmitted diseases. This is the exclusion of promiscuous sexual relations, the use of a condom with uncertainty about the health of a partner. It is important to observe sexual hygiene and lead a healthy lifestyle to maintain immunity at the proper level.