One of the most common questions that come into our feedback section is a question about a disease such as polycystic. «I can't get pregnant, the diagnosis is polycystic ovary.” Indeed, this disease can lead to infertility. Women with polycystic disease have a higher risk of miscarriage, preeclampsia and premature birth.
With polycystic women do not ovulate. This is due to the increased formation of male sex hormones and a violation of the egg maturation process. The incidence rate of the disease among women of reproductive age is 11% and occurs in any age group.
Causes of Cystic disease
Theories attempting to explain the nature of the disease are numerous.One of them, for example, suggests that polycystic disease is a hereditary disease.
A special role belongs to stress, which leads to hormonal failure in a woman's body. Polycystic causes can be not only stress and heredity, but also frequent colds, sore throats, and even a change in the climatic zone.
Symptoms of Cystic disease
Cystic disease manifests itself in the form of:
- menstrual irregularities (oligomenorrhea);
- excessive body hair;
- excess weight;
- elevated insulin levels;
- high cholesterol;
- high blood pressure.
When measuring basal temperature, its constant value is noted. (The temperature does not increase in the second half of the monthly cycle, as it should be normal.)
Diagnosis of Cystic disease
With polycystosis, the ratio of luteinizing (LH) and follicle-stimulating (FSH) hormones more than doubles. The content of testosterone and adrenal androgen increases. An ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs reveals an increase in the ovaries and numerous small follicular cysts on it.
Treatment of Cystic disease
The essence of the treatment of Cystic disease is the use of medications that reduce the level of male sex hormones. . Ovulation stimulation is also performed. Depending on the degree of the disease laparoscopic surgery is also possible. Despite treatment, polycystic disease is characterized by frequent relapses.
Prevention of Cystic disease
To avoid infertility, a regular scheduled examination by a gynecologist and endocrinologist is necessary. If you find the disease at an early stage, then the chances of a successful cure are significantly higher than with advanced stages.
Since polycystic ovary is often accompanied by overweight, a woman should be careful about her diet. There is no discovery of America - more vegetables and fruits, less fat and sweet. Weight loss of 10% with polycystic disease makes it possible to regulate the menstrual cycle without medication.
If you had to deal with a diagnosis of "polycystic disease", seek qualified help from the specialists of the Bogoliuby Medical Center.