Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) - is a spontaneous release from the fetus and its membranes up to 22 weeks of gestation. Between 10 and 30% of pregnant women experience this problem in their first trimester. Often spontaneous abortion occurs at a very early stage, when a woman does not even suspect a pregnancy. Symptoms of a miscarriage in this case are practically not observed, except very painful periods.
Spontaneous abortion, depending on how long the pregnancy is terminated, it is divided into early (up to 12 weeks) и and late (from 12 to 22 weeks).
Causes of early spontaneous abortion
Among the possible causes of early spontaneous abortion are noted:
- chromosomal abnormalities;;
- infectious diseases;
- hormonal disorders;
- autoimmune reactions
The causes of late spontaneous abortion are
- the effects of harmful chemicals on the mother's organism;
- the effects of harmful chemicals on the mother's organism.
What should we pay attention to?
What should be paid special attention to a woman whose pregnancy is threatened by spontaneous abortion. These are:
- the presence of constant vaginal discharge;
- the presence of blood clots in the discharge;
- pain in the back, lower abdomen;
. If the above symptoms occur, then you need to seek help urgentely. While the ambulance arrives. If the above symptoms occur, then you need to seek help urgentely. While the ambulance «arrives» - take a lying position with your feet slightly raised.
The threat of spontaneous abortion requires immediate hospitalization. To assess the condition of the fetus, patients are prescribed ultrasound. If a spontaneous abortion has already occurred and the doctor has confirmed this, then the curettage procedure is carried out, during which the remains of the placenta and fetus are removed. he consequences of spontaneous abortion in the future may include inflammatory diseases of the genital area, menstrual irregularities and even infertility.
What measures can a pregnant woman take to prevent spontaneous abortion? First, take care of yourself from excessive physical and psychological stress. Secondly, avoid contact with people suffering from infectious diseases. Thirdly, forget about alcohol and cigarettes, do not take medicines without special instructions from your doctor. Try to ensure a good rest and a. healthy balanced diet..