What is fatty growth?
Lipoma is the most common benign tumor of adipose tissue, caused by excessive proliferation of fat cells surrounded by a fibrous capsule. People call it fatty growth. Lipomas can develop in any part of the body and are found in both sexes, regardless of age and race. Statistics show that about 1% of the world's population suffers from various types of lipomas.
Typically, lipomas can expand to 15 cm in diameter, but in some patients they are able to reach grotesque forms (giant lipomas) and weigh up to 2 kilograms.
The lipoma relief is perfectly felt under the skin, the formation is soft, not painful. It manifests itself as an accumulation of fat and, if not removed, it can remain in place for many years.
Causes of lipomas
The nature of the occurrence of lipomas has not yet been clarified. Some researchers suggest that the patient’s genetic predisposition is a major risk factor for lipoma. There is also a traumatic theory according to which the main cause of lipomas is tissue injury. If the neoplasm is already present, then traumatizing it enhances the progress of the tumor (post-traumatic lipomas). There is also a theory that links lipoma and mutations in obesity genes.
Localization of lipomas
There is a mass of lipomas. The most common form is superficial subcutaneous lipoma, which appears just below the surface of the epidermis. It can develop in any area of the body where fat is present, but the most likely areas of the trunk, thighs and arms. It happens that a lipoma occurs inside an organ. For example, intestinal lipoma, for example, can lead to bleeding, while cardiac lipoma, increasing in size, carries a serious risk of clogging of the heart valves. Lipomas – progress to a malignant tumor extremely rarely, although there is evidence of a malignant evolution of the neoplasm. Liposarcoma is a malignant transformation of lipoma that can affect any part of the body.
Treatment of lipoma
In most cases, the lipoma is asymptomatic and remains in a benign form. There are cases that the neoplasm spontaneously regresses. However, removal of the tumor is recommended in cases where the lipoma is an aesthetic problem, increases in size, becomes painful or irritating, and obstructs movement. In all of the above cases, the surgeon may recommend certain measures, such as surgical excision, liposuction, laser removal. The specialists of the Bogoliuby MC help you to cope with the above problem, where surgical removal of wen is practiced.