Laparocele is a leakage of an internal organ or part of it from the abdominal cavity. This condition is the result of a pronounced and progressive weakening of the muscular and fascial walls, which under normal physiological conditions should hold the organ in an appropriate place.
Diagnosis of laparocele
An abdominal hernia is fairly easy to identify by external signs - a – noticeable protrusion. In this sense, they differ from other internal hernias - – disc herniation, diaphragmatic hernia, and cervical hernia. Statistics show that about 5 – 6% of the world's population suffers from abdominal hernia, and among all types of hernias, abdominal is – the most common.
Symptoms of laparocele
The signs of an abdominal hernia are as follows:
- cramping in the abdomen;
Classification of laparocele
The term «laparocele »may include several forms of hernia, for example, Inguinal hernia, Umbilical hernia, Crular hernia. A hernia can be either congenital or acquired.
Acquired hernias are combined among themselves by certain predisposing factors, these are:
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- lack of weight;
- abdominal injuries;
- several pregnancies;
The most common among abdominal hernias is inguinal hernia, accounting for about 80% of all cases. It occurs, as a rule, in people aged 20 to 50. This variant of abdominal hernia is found mainly in men (10 times more often than women).
Congenital inguinal hernia appears in early childhood due to occlusion of the peritoneal duct. Acquired inguinal hernia, as mentioned above, is a result of weakening of the abdominal muscles near the groin.
Complicating an inguinal hernia is dangerous if it is infringed, with the risk of shock or gangrene. This form of abdominal hernia is treated surgically.
Umbilical hernia is typical for children, however, it can sometimes occur in adults and the elderly. In children, an umbilical hernia is the result of the closure of an abdominal wall defect after the umbilical cord falls off. Adult patients suffer from this hernia due to a violation of the metabolism of collagen and polysaccharides, congenital hypothyroidism, Down syndrome.
The hernia is promoted by an increase in intra-abdominal pressure caused by extreme efforts. In newborns, umbilical hernia tends to spontaneously regress within a few months, without the need for surgical intervention. Adults can’t do without surgery.
Crular hernia - is a typically female problem, the first symptoms of which appear after 30. This form of abdominal hernia is the result of excessive weakening of the ileo-pubic muscle group due to pregnancy or extreme physical exertion. Sometimes this hernia can be asymptomatic, but painful sensations appear when coughing or sneezing. The only way out is surgery. In «Bogoliuby MC » we carry out surgical interventions regarding any type of abdominal hernia.