In a broad sense, the term «hemorrhoids» is used to describe a condition in which excessively swollen hemorrhoidal veins form varicose veins. In the light of modern technologies, it is preferable to talk about hemorrhoids as a pathology, in which the supporting structures of the rectal canal are affected, which causes the “sliding” of these tissues. The compliance of the mucous membrane of the rectum pushes out hemorrhoidal nodes, which causes typical symptoms of pathology.
Hemorrhoids are an extremely common disease, according to statisticians, at least once in a lifetime, each of us encounters it. Currently, about 40% of the country's adult population suffers from hemorrhoids. The disease with the same frequency occurs in both men and women. However, the beautiful half should especially consider the possible risks associated with pregnancy. During this period, factors are activated that can affect the deterioration (or acquisition) of hemorrhoids.
Among the main risk factors for a pregnant woman are:
- hormonal changes that directly affect vascular tissue;
- mechanical pressure due to the fetus;
- a sharp increase in intra-abdominal pressure during childbirth.
Basically, hemorrhoids begin to make themselves felt from 45 to 65 years old, and its course worsens over time.
Causes of hemorrhoids
The cause of the disease must be sought in the family history of diseases, lifestyle, food preferences of the patient. A sedentary lifestyle, abuse of laxatives, alcohol and nicotine can both cause and aggravate an existing hemorrhoidal disorder. Although this sounds corny, a healthy body is quite capable of coping with any food, including one that is «unfavorable» for hemorrhoids. But it’s also obvious that long-term and massive abuse of such products in the long run will «please» us with a series of proctological problems.
If a person already suffers from hemorrhoids, he needs to cancel, or at least strictly limit all those products that cause irritation of the anal mucosa (spices, sausages, alcohol, chocolate, etc.). So, the main thing with hemorrhoids is nutrition! It plays a crucial role, both in the process of primary prevention, and in the treatment of hemorrhoidal nodes. A balanced diet rich in water and fiber helps regulate bowel function.
How to treat hemorrhoids
Attention to personal hygiene not only helps prevent hemorrhoids, but also protects against anal fissures or fistulas. You should pay attention to the choice of underwear - cotton allows the skin to «breathe», avoiding stagnation of heat and moisture in intimate places. The choice of the treatment method for hemorrhoids varies depending on the severity of the disease. In mild cases, physical activity and good eating habits are quite able to cope with the disease on their own. In severe cases, the only effective solution to the problem is surgery.
Latex ligation of internal hemorrhoids and excision of a chronic anal fissure with a laser coagulator - these surgical interventions are already practiced today at the «Bogoliuby Medical Center». If you need a consultation with a proctologist, you can make an appointment with our specialists by calling the phone numbers listed on the website.