The three «leaders» among male urological diseases look like this. The first place - is prostatitis, the second is prostate adenoma, the third - is urinary incontinence. Today we are talking about «the silver» medalist- adenoma.
Prostate adenoma - is an obsolete name, although it is the most commonly used. Now the disease is commonly called «benign enlargement of the prostate», or BEP. The word «adenoma», with its Latin suffix «oma» hints that the patient is dealing with a tumor. In fact, this is not entirely true. The adenoma itself is not a tumor; here, the proliferation or hyperplasia of the glandular tissue of the prostate has revenge, due to hormonal and age-related changes in the male body.
According to statistics, half of the male population of the planet after 50 years is "familiar" with prostate adenoma. With age, the risk of illness increases. After 70 years, in fact, 70% of men are diagnosed with BEP.
For the first time, adenoma usually makes itself felt in men aged about 40 years. The gland tissue becomes denser, the size increases. Such metamorphoses lead to a change in the curvature and lumen of the urethra. Men should pay particular attention to the fact, for example, that urination is not as intense and free as before. This is the first signal that you need to visit a urologist. The stream of urine weakens, its single amount decreases. It is not possible to completely empty the bladder, which in the long run leads to urinary incontinence and leakage. It also happens that there are very strong, uncontrollable urges to urinate.
Factors provoking BEP
- sedentary lifestyle;
- alcohol abuse;
- irregular sex.
All of the above helps to slow down blood circulation in the pelvis, the occurrence of edema of the gland. A serious complication of prostate adenoma can be prostate cancer.
Treatment of prostate adenoma
At the initial stages, the disease can be cured with medication. But, due to the fact that men visit the urologist when «the thunder is already breaking», that is, urine begins to stagnate, leaks appear, then doctors are already resorting to surgical interventions.Elderly men who cannot be recommended for surgery due to their medical condition undergo catheterization of the bladder.
Prevention of prostate adenoma
For preventive purposes, it is important to ensure normal blood supply in the pelvis. Try to avoid prolonged sitting, limit sharp and salty food. To prevent swelling of the tissues, do not drink at night. If you are over 40, take yourself for the «iron» rule to visit a urologist, at least once a year.