A deferentectomy - is a surgical procedure for male contraception. The meaning of surgery is vasoligation or execting of the spermatic vessel. Compared to ligation of the tubal ligation in women, a vasectomy is more effective and less dangerous.
A vasectomy is considered an irreversible method of contraception, which, of course, a man should know about before deciding on an operation. Many patients fear that a vasectomy reduces libido or predisposes to some serious diseases (cancer, heart disease). It is necessary to dispel these myths. A vasectomy does not affect sexual activity: testosterone levels, erections and ejaculation in men who have undergone surgery comply with the norms.
Risks and "benefits" of vasectomy
In the past, some scientists have hypothesized the effect of vasectomy on the development of testicular and и prostate cancer. However, there is no scientific evidence to support such theories. The same goes for the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
It is also necessary to debunk some of the benefits that are mistakenly prescribed for vasectomy. For example, it is a fairly common misconception that surgery protects against sexually transmitted infections and AIDS. This is not true. Measures and remedies for such diseases for patients after vasetomy are the same as for those who did not have surgery.
When does it make sense to turn to a vasectomy?
A vasectomy is suitable for those men who have finally decided not to have children. The reasons can be very different and depend on the personal beliefs of the patient. In some regions of the world, for example, a vasectomy plays the role of birth control. Obviously, in countries such as China and India, where fertility is very high, there is a serious problem of overpopulation.
Anyone who decides to undergo a vasectomy should know what to expect from the intervention and be fully convinced of their decision. Sometimes the patient makes a reckless choice, yielding to impulse after the news about the pregnancy (or new pregnancy) of the partner.
How is a vasectomy performed?
A vasectomy procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia, on an outpatient basis, and does not require hospitalization. If the patient during the preoperative interview reports that he is allergic to local anesthetics, general anesthesia may be indicated.
A vasectomy does not last long - from 20 to 40 minutes, if there are no complications. In the first hours after surgery, slight pain in the inguinal region, swelling and hematoma are possible. At the first postoperative ejaculation, there may be traces of blood in the semen.
It is very important for the patient to know that, at least in the first 20 ejaculations, the sperm still contains sperm. Therefore, while it is advisable to use the classical method of contraception - a condom.
Prevention of complications
Personal hygiene is of particular importance to prevent the development of infections. The inguinal area must be washed daily with great care. Before returning to normal physical activity, after a vasectomy, you must wait at least a week. If we are talking about engaging in contact sports, then it is better to refrain from this, at least a few weeks.