Urethritis it is an inflammation of the urinary tract. Men aged 20 to 35 are at greatest risk for developing infectious urethritis. The disease can be caused by microorganisms that are generated in the urinary tract. If the disease is detected in the early stages, then serious consequences can be dispensed with. But it also happens that urethritis progresses and starts the process of infection of the bladder, kidneys, testicles and prostate. In the long run, this leads to infertility.
Causes of urethritis
Inflammation of the urinary tract can be caused by pathogens of such diseases as chlamydia, gonorrhea, human herpes virus, bacteria. Another cause of urethritis is chemical irritation caused by the use of soaps, lotions, creams, foams, condoms with spermicides. Close, uncomfortable underwear and clothing, overly energetic sexual activity and masturbation - all this causes temporary urethral irritation.
Symptoms of urethritis
Burning and pain during urination are classic signs of urethritis. It is also possible that the patient has a urge to urinate more often than usual. Itching, swelling of the genitals, pain during intercourse , blood in urine and semen. If the disease spreads and other organs are involved in the inflammatory process, the following symptoms may be present: back pain, abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, swollen joints.
Diagnosis and treatment of urethritis.
Urine analysis is indicative of the diagnosis of the disease. If there is a suspicion of the presence of sexually transmitted diseases, it is necessary to take a blood test.
The treatment of urethritis is aimed at improving the patient’s condition, preventing infection and, of course, eliminating the causes that led to the painful condition. It is important to drink plenty of water to dilute urine, this will help reduce pain during urination. Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen may be prescribed.
In order to reduce pain in the genital area, it is recommended to take warm baths. Do not use soap because it can aggravate irritation. In case of sexually transmitted infections, the use of antibiotics is necessary and in the future not only the patient, but also the partner will have to undergo a course of treatment.
It is advisable to avoid sexual activity during an exacerbation of the disease, or at least use a condom during the act until both partners complete the treatment.
Prevention of urethritis
In order to prevent the problem, irritating cosmetic and hygiene products that cause inflammation of the skin or urethra should be avoided. If a specific soap or lotion causes irritation, it is recommended that you stop using them.