Menopause (climax) - translated from Greek as «staircase» - is another step in a woman’s life, the transition from maturity to old age, when, against the background of age-related changes in the body, the involution (reverse development) of the higher nerve centers, reproductive system and organism as a whole. Among the mechanisms of menopause, the first place is occupied by changes at the level of the relationship of the hypothalamus and endocrine glands. As a result, the reproductive and menstrual functions gradually stop.
Climax occurs in most cases at 45-48 years.There are early menopause - up to 40 years and late - after 50 years.
Menopause periods are divided into several stages::
- premenopause - period of menstrual irregularities. Continues from the beginning of irregular menstruation to menopause (last menstruation);
- menopause (period of cessation of menstruation);
- postmenopause (complete cessation of menstruation).
Against the background of a decrease in the adaptive capacity of the body, climacteric syndrome (CS) develops - a complex of pathological symptoms that complicate the natural course of the menopause. Depending on the number of tides, the following severity levels of the syndrome are distinguished:
- mild - hot flashes up to 5 times a day without disturbing the general condition and working capacity;
- moderate severity - hot flashes up to 15 times a day in combination with headaches, dizziness, pain in the heart, decreased working capacity;
- severe degree - hot flashes more than 15 times a day, disability, severe menopause aggravates the main diseases that a woman suffers from.
To the complex of examinations of patients at the Bogoliuby Center for Reproductive Medicine include, in addition to generally accepted clinical and laboratory tests, ultrasound examination,ECG, colposcopy etc
Treatment of menopause
Climacteric syndrome (CS) depends on its severity. In the case of a severe degree, our center individually selects therapeutic measures and drugs, taking into account the peculiarities of the course of CS, the presence or absence of complications. In cases where the manifestations of menopause pose a threat to the health of a woman, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is prescribed - this is a replacement or replenishment of the amount of hormones with a lack of them in the body. At the same time, hormonal deficiency is compensated, but the underlying disease cannot be cured. Usually, replacement therapy is continued throughout life.
Prevention of menopause
In order not to complicate treatment and prevent exacerbation of the underlying disease, a woman must take care of her own health, especially after 40 years, and visit a gynecologist at least twice a year.
Nowadays, when many drugs show harmful side effects, most specialists try to use alternative methods of treatment and prevention. One such method in the center of reproductive medicine is homeopathy, which is carried out by a qualified homeopathic doctor. Homeopathic therapy is a soft and effective art of healing. The use of homeopathic medicines is not addictive, has no adverse reactions.Nowadays, when many drugs show harmful side effects, most specialists try to use alternative methods of treatment and prevention. One such method in the center of reproductive medicine is homeopathy, which is carried out by a qualified homeopathic doctor. Homeopathic therapy is a soft and effective art of healing. The use of homeopathic medicines is not addictive, has no adverse reactions.
It is clear that at the first manifestations of menopause, a woman is left alone with her new sensations. It is during this period that the desire to share « new impressions » with friends and, especially, with her husband disappears, recognizing that youth is dying away.
With great understanding and care, the specialists of the Bogoliuby Center for Reproductive Medicine   will listen, advise and prescribe modern treatment methods that will enable the woman to improve her health, preserve youth and beauty. At the same time, if a woman manages to reorient herself in a timely manner, to cope spiritually and physically with this new stage of life - this time can become for her the best period in life, a time of leisure, attention to herself, a time of spiritual harmony and wisdom..