Symptoms of cystitis in pregnant women are mainly associated with significant difficulties during urination. Urine is drip, pain and burning are felt, there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, blood may appear in the urine. Sometimes pregnant women may suffer from asymptomatic bacteriuria, that is, a urinary infection without obvious signs.
Risks and complications of cystitis
Cystitis and bacteriuria, whether they are symptomatic or asymptomatic, should always be treated with great caution. These diseases increase the risk of pyelonephritis, which, in turn, is associated with premature birth, low weight and inhibition of the overall development of the unborn child.
Treatment of cystitis
In most cases, cystitis therapy during pregnancy is justified by the use of short courses of antibacterial therapy with drugs that are devoid of significant side effects for both the mother and the fetus (especially!). To avoid the possible risk of complications and relapses after treatment, it is necessary to analyze and study the culture of urine at least 1 time a month before the end of pregnancy.
At the first signs of the disease, consult a doctor to perform the necessary examinations. Independently starting any treatment is strictly contraindicated. In anticipation of the results of the tests, the doctor may recommend a non-specific antibiotic, which will subsequently be confirmed or replaced depending on the results of the antibioticogram. If there is severe pain and fever, paracetamol may be prescribed. Symptoms of cystitis usually disappear within a few days after starting therapy. However, it is important to complete the entire course of treatment. Among natural remedies with diuretic effects, asparagus (rhizome), birch (leaves), horsetail (aerial parts), nettle (flowering plant), parsley (roots) should be distinguished.
Prevention of cystitis
For the prevention of cystitis during pregnancy, it is recommended to drink water at least a liter and a half a day to promote urine output. Wear natural fiber underwear. Avoid prolonged abstinence from urination, do not use intimate hygiene products with a pronounced aroma and color. It is important to streamline your diet in order to regulate the bowel, as fecal stasis can facilitate the passage of intestinal bacteria into the urinary tract. You should also abandon drinks and foods that can irritate the urinary tract (coffee, alcohol, drinks containing caffeine, chili and spicy foods in general).